After serving aboard the Sterling for 11 months, he joined the United States Navy on January 1, 1808, when he received his commission as a midshipman. Cooper had conducted himself well as a sailor, and his father, a former U.S. Congressman, easily secured a commission for him through his long-standing connections with politicians and naval officials. The warrant for Cooper's commission as midshipman was signed by President Jefferson and mailed by Naval Secretary Robert Smith, reaching Cooper on February 19. On February 24, he received orders to report to the naval commander at New York City.[note 2] Joining the United States Navy fulfilled an aspiration he had had since his youth.
After completion of the Oneida in 1809, Cooper accompanied Woolsey to Niagara Falls, who then was ordered to Lake Champlain to serve aboard a gunboat until the winter months when the lake froze over. Cooper himself returned from Oswego to Cooperstown and then New York City. On November 13 of the same year, he was assigned to the USS Wasp under the command of Captain James Lawrence, who was from Burlington and became a personal friend of Cooper's. Aboard this ship, he met his lifelong friend William Branford Shubrick, who was also a midshipman at the time. Cooper later dedicated The Pilot, The Red Rover, and other writings to Shubrick. Assigned to humdrum recruiting tasks rather than exciting voyages, Cooper resigned his commission from the navy in spring 1810; in the sametime period he met, wooed, and became engaged to Susan Augusta de Lancey, whom be married on January 1, 1811.
In 1826, Cooper moved his family to Europe, where he sought to gain more income from his books, provide better education for his children, improve his health, and observe European manners and politics firsthand. While overseas, he continued to write. His books published in Paris include The Prairie, the third Leather-Stocking Tale in which Natty Bumppo dies in the western land newly acquired by Jefferson as the Louisiana Purchase. There he also published The Red Rover and The Water Witch, two of his many sea stories. During his time in Paris, the Cooper family became active in the small American expatriate community. He became friends with painter (and later inventor) Samuel Morse and with French general and American Revolutionary War hero Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette. Cooper admired the patrician liberalism of Lafayette, who sought to recruit him to his causes, and eulogized him as a man who "dedicated youth, person, and fortune, to the principles of liberty."
In June 1834, Cooper decided to reopen his ancestral mansion Otsego Hall at Cooperstown. It had long been closed and falling into decay; he had been absent from the mansion nearly 16 years. Repairs were begun, and the house was put in order. At first, he wintered in New York City and summered in Cooperstown, but eventually he made Otsego Hall his permanent home.
Cooper was one of the more popular 19th-century American authors, and his work was admired greatly throughout the world. While on his death bed, the Austrian composer Franz Schubert wanted most to read more of Cooper's novels. Honoré de Balzac, the French novelist and playwright, admired him greatly. Henry David Thoreau, while attending Harvard, incorporated some of Cooper's style in his own work. D.H. Lawrence believed that Turgenev, Tolstoy, Dostoyevsky, Maupassant, and Flaubert were all "so very obvious and coarse, besides the lovely, mature and sensitive art of Fennimore Cooper." Lawrence called The Deerslayer "one of the most beautiful and perfect books in the world: flawless as a jewel and of gem-like concentration."
Cooper River Yacht ClubLocation at 450 North Park Drive along the Cooper River, the Cooper River Yacht Club offers sailing lessons for adults, kids and teens. competitive racing and fun races, and community sailboat usage, kayaks / canoes, beautiful sunsets and sheltered non-total river. Visit www.cooperriveryc.org for call (856) 869-9145 for more information on events and membership.
Highly qualified physician with excellent credentials. Has published books in his field. I got great relief from long standing back and knee pain, when other well qualified physicians failed. I am leaving on a one month trip to Europe which would have been impossible a year ago. He is always warm, welcoming and friendly, sees patients promptly, and gives plenty of time for explanation and discussion, more than I have ever received elsewhere. I recommend him with the greatest enthusiasm possible. I am a former director of nursing, with a masters degree in nursing and well qualified to evaluate the care provided.
Wonderful physician. Excellent credentials . Has authored books in his field. I have gotten great back and knee pain relief, when other qualified physicians have not been successful. He is always friendly, warm and welcoming and provides the highest quality of care possible at reasonable prices. I am always seen promptly, within 5 minutes, and treated with such respect. I am leaving on a long vacation to Europe, which would have been impossible a year ago. I have also resumed riding my bike and walking my dog which I have not been able to do in a long time. The office is very efficiently managed. Records are computerized and info can be retrieved immediately. Office staff are really so nice and helpful. I have found this practice and the care provided to be just about perfect. I am a retired director of nursing and have a masters degree in nursing and feel I am very well qualified to judge the quality of care provided.
There are undoubtedly many advantages that accompany the diminutive form and predominately paper-based construction of most books that convey the science of applied behavior analysis, most notably cost. Diminished size and paper-based binding usually exert reductive influences on pricing. But there may be a nonmonetary price to be paid in terms of the extent to which the importance and influence of a field is symbolized by the form of its seminal texts. Two of the most important and influential fields of human endeavor in recorded history are the Jewish and Christian religions. Their seminal texts have been the object of enormous creative energy over centuries gone by, and among their various versions are some of the most ornate and creatively rendered books of all time.
On a less grand scale, there are textbooks for college courses on subjects such as abnormal psychology, a class I taught in my days as a university professor. In the weeks preceding each class, instructor copies of multiple editions of abnormal psychology textbooks, each elaborately crafted and in forms approaching coffee table book size, would begin to appear as courtesy offerings from publishers who hoped I would select theirs for my class. My bookshelves would veritably groan under their weight. Among the many impressions I had about these books and their relevance to applied behavior analysis, I remember five very distinctly.
Other significant changes from the first edition include the chapters by the authors mentioned above. The first of these is on negative reinforcement, and it is notably authored by Brian Iwata and Richard Smith. Although negative reinforcement was covered in the first edition, it was allocated only a bit more than two pages, which was a small part of large chapter on operant reinforcement. That it has its own chapter in the current version is perhaps a reflection of the authors' awareness of just how frequently the concept of negative reinforcement is misunderstood. In the lay community, it has become synonymous with punishment. For example, lay media frequently use the term when authors apparently want a softer, more technically sophisticated term for punishment (e.g., Brick, 2004; Santoli, 2008). I contacted Santoli at Barron's, and he promised to avoid the error in the future. The letters editor of the The New Yorker was not as cooperative; he argued that the term had acquired a colloquially synonymous relation with the word punishment. It is important to note that before students become students of behavior analysis, insofar as the technical language of behavior analysis is concerned, they are much more likely to be informed by lay sources and colloquial usages than they are by accurate, authoritative textbooks. Giving negative reinforcement a full chapter and bringing the authority of Brian Iwata and Richard Smith to the job of writing it should do much to expand the number of persons who are technically conversant with the term.
Another advance also involves a departure from the first edition. Specifically, this version includes an extensive chapter on functional assessment authored by Nancy Neef and Stephanie Peterson. Rather slow in gathering momentum (it was being recommended decades ago; e.g., Goldiamond, 1974), functional assessment has more than made up for lost time in terms of its expanding role in clinical and educational planning and treatment. It is arguably one of the major reasons for the expanding influence of applied behavior analysis. For example, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act requires that functional assessment be an integral part of the planning for special education programming. In other words, this legislation encodes functional assessment into one of the most important institutions of modern American life, formal education. Functional assessment also has its own literature that includes a large body of peer-reviewed papers, a hallmark of which is a special issue of JABA (Summer 1994), a large number of single-authored books (e.g., Chandler & Dahlquist, 2005), edited books (e.g., Repp & Horner, 1999), training manuals (Watson & Steege, 2003), and related book reviews (Dunlap & Kincaid, 2001; Ervin, Fuqua, & Begeny, 2001).
Dr. Cooper has authored and edited 15 books, including Chronic Neck Pain: The Essential Guide to Finding Neck Pain Relief. He also has served as the Chief Editor of Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine, and received international recognition for his peer-reviewed research. He has been published in medical journals, such as the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and the HSS Journal: The Musculoskeletal Journal for the Hospital of Special Surgery. 2b1af7f3a8